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The National Association for the Advancedment of Colored Peolple is an african american civil right organization int he united states,formed in 1909. Its mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons ant ot elminate racial hatred and racial discrimination.Its name retained in accordance with traditoin, uses the once common term colored people.



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external image bessie-smith.jpg
Bessie Smith. she was the most Popular Female singer of the 1920's and 1930's.She is often regarded as one of the greatest singers of her era. She was born in April 15, 1894.
Chattanooga, Tennessee and died in September 26, 1937. Bessie was on her way to perform and got into an accident and died of massive interal injuries.She is a major influence on subsequent jazz vocalists.

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external image Duke-Ellington.jpg
Duke Ellington. Born April 29, 1899 in Washington, D.C. He was an American composer, pianist, and big band leader. His major talents were Jazz and Gospel music. His career spanned more than 50 years and included leading his orchestra, composing an inexhaustible songbook, scoring for movies, composing stage musicals, and world tours.

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hughes_typing_full.jpg
Langston Hughes. Born in February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form jazz poetry. Hughes is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance. He famously wrote about the period that "Harlem was in vogue".

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external image Louis-Armstrong.jpg
Louis Armstrong. Born in August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was an American jazz trumpeter and singer. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive cornet and trumpet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the music's focus from collective improvisation to solo performance.

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external image uewb_04_img0291.jpg
Marcus Garvey. He was Born in August 17, 1887 in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica. He was a Jamaican publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orater who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements. He founded the Black Star Line, part of the Back-to-Africa movement, which promoted the return of the African Diaspora to their ancestral lands.



The Great Depression:
In October Of 1929, the stock market crashed and it wiped out 40 percent of the paper values stock.Many lost there life saving and by 1933, the stock on New York exchange was then one-fifth less of what it was in1929.Farm income fell some 50 percent.By 1932,1 out 4 americans was unemployed.In 1933 the new president president Franklin Roosevelt brought an air of confidence that quickly rallied the people to the banner of his program, known as the New Deal."The only thing we have to fear is ourself this is what the president said in his adress to the nation.When Rooselvet took the presidental job,the banking and credit system of the nation was in a state of paralysis.The new government brought generous credit facilities to industry and agriculture.